Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Actually, That Wasn’t Watson: Some Notes Eventually Circling In Upon the Major Obfuscation in "Young Sherlock Holmes"

(The following essay originally appeared in a slightly different form in The Watsonian, Fall 2016, Vol.4, No.II)


I play The Game with deadly seriousness. It started early. I first discovered Sherlock Holmes when I was ten, in the mid-1970’s, and not long after, I received a copy of Baring-Gould’s Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street. I began to learn of The Game, the belief that Holmes and Dr. Watson were living historical characters, and not simply fictional creations. It’s been a great way to enjoy spending time reading about Our Heroes ever since.

Over the next forty-plus years, as I’ve mentioned in a few – well a lot of, really – other places, I’ve read and collected literally thousands of pastiches in the form of novels, short stories, radio and television episodes, movies and scripts, fan-fiction, comics, and unpublished manuscripts. Since the mid-1990’s, I’ve been organizing and assembling a Chronology of the lives of Holmes and Watson, an ever-changing “whole art of detection” that is now well over 600 pages, breaking down each Canonical story and pastiche by year and by day and by hour, systematizing them by book, chapter, page, and sometimes even paragraph. It’s amazing to see the whole gestalt of how The Great Holmes Tapestry all fits together, and how people from all over the world have added threads that reveal ever more about the big picture.

Reading all of these thousands of pastiches and fitting them into the Chronology as I’ve done occasionally requires some serious and clever rationalizing. Obviously, there are contradictions in the various stories, and some things that are flat-out incorrect, such as when an “editor” of Watson’s notes places the Doctor in Kensington during a time when he should be living in Paddington, or if there is a statement that Watson is publishing a story in The Strand in the 1880’s, when in truth that magazine didn’t actually go into business until early 1891.

I always list those inconsistencies when reading a story and Chronologicizing it. Sometimes a part of a story will be so at odds with established Canon that it seems that it cannot be included at all – but I make it work if I can. For instance, the first two chapters of Michael Dibdin’s extremely controversial novel The Last Sherlock Holmes Story are perfectly fine, and are a part of Holmes’s massive battle against The Ripper. But the rest of the book is a scurrilous slander against Holmes, obviously so maliciously fictional that it must have been written at some later date, probably by a Moriarty, and awkwardly grafted onto Watson’s original notes in order to irretrievably damage Holmes’s reputation. I include the first two chapters of that book in The Chronology, but recommend that it be read no further.

Another famous tale that provides both the same problem and the same solution is Nicholas Meyer’s The Seven-Per-Cent Solution, in which the beginning and end of the book are quite opposed to established Canonical Fact. For The Chronology, I leave out Chapters 1 and 2, as well as parts of Chapters 4 and 17, so that the correct meat of the case, Holmes and Watson’s trip to Vienna and their meeting with Sigmund Freud, is represented, but those parts exonerating Professor Moriarty as a harmless and persecuted old man, as well as the segments incorrectly giving Holmes a damaged history to explain this persecution, are rightly ignored. (No doubt, these portions were also written and appended onto the manuscript by someone trying to rescue the evil Professor’s reputation.)

As one can see, certain cherry-picking must take place occasionally to include an adventure in The Chronology. For if I didn’t do this, then it would be a case of accepting these few incorrect parts as complete fact and therefore skewing all the other narratives that had stayed within the accepted lines. In these instances, I keep the correct parts of the story instead of throwing out the whole baby with the bathwater. And – we’re finally here at the reason for this essay – one of the big examples of making a rationalization of this type so that an adventure will be acceptable is the film Young Sherlock Holmes.

In 1985, when this film came out, I was twenty years old. I’d been wearing a deerstalker as my only hat for about a year – something that I’ve done to the present day, although I’m now on my fourth full-time deerstalker, having worn out the other three – and my hat and I settled into my seat for a matinee showing on opening day. I enjoyed the film very much, and I also learned a valuable lesson – don’t leave before the final credits are over. (I missed an interesting little epilogue at the end.)

I won’t go into how the movie was perceived at the time – possibly too influenced by producer Steven Spielberg’s Indiana Jones involvement, etc. My big problem with the story was that this purported to be the very first meeting between Sherlock Holmes and John Watson, negating the truth that we already knew. If this was their first encounter, then the events related in the opening chapter of A Study in Scarlet were incorrect at best, with fudged facts, or it was an actual lie. If one believes that Watson initially met Holmes when both of them were attending a London school in the early 1870’s, as shown in Young Sherlock Holmes, then the events in that laboratory at Barts on January 1st, 1881 are terribly misrepresented. Holmes didn’t make any brilliant deductions about a total stranger – Stamford was introducing him to someone whom he’d already met, albeit a decade earlier.

Instead of classifying the whole film (and the accompanying novel by Alan Arnold) as fiction and never watching (or reading) them again, I gave the matter some thought. There were a few minor objections that could be explained away, but the biggest problem was that the young man with glasses identified as Watson could not be Watson. Who, then, could he be?

The answer jumped out at me. Who is another person that grew up to be a doctor that Holmes might have encountered at that younger age, a meeting that did not contradict with his meeting Watson in early 1881? The answer was obvious: It was Holmes’s cousin, Dr. Verner.

The only mention in the Canon of this cousin is in “The Norwood Builder”, a post-Hiatus adventure wherein Watson states that he was able to move back to 221 Baker Street upon selling his practice to this Dr. Verner, whom he later learned to be Holmes’s relative:

A young doctor, named Verner, had purchased my small Kensington practice, and given with astonishingly little demur the highest price that I ventured to ask – an incident which only explained itself some years later, when I found that Verner was a distant relation of Holmes, and that it was my friend who had really found the money.

If one accepts that the young fellow with glasses in the film is Verner and not Watson, the difficulties go away.

This renaming of a character for a Holmes film is not a new idea. In my essay “Basil Rathbone’s Solar Pons Films” (The Baker Street Journal, Vol. 63, No. 4, Winter 2013 and also in this blog - see November 29th, 2016,) I explain how screenwriters in the early days of World War II, anxious to show some films of Holmes fighting Nazis, were dismayed in their ignorance to learn that Holmes was in his nineties at that point, and that Watson had already died. Therefore, they reached out to Holmes’s active successor, Solar Pons, then in his early sixties, and transformed three of his wartime cases into the first three Holmes films produced by Universal Studios – Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror (1942), Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1943), and Sherlock Holmes in Washington (1943).

In order to avoid confusion for modern audiences, who had likely never heard of Solar Pons – and who wouldn’t go see Solar Pons and the Voice of Terror – the name was changed from Pons to Holmes, and Pons’s friend and chronicler, Dr. Lyndon Parker, was re-identified as Dr. Watson. (Unfortunately, Nigel Bruce didn’t portray Dr. Parker any better than he did Dr. Watson.) Thus, the first three Universal films, unmistakably set in World War II, and featuring bombers and bomb sites and other modern technology, were really Pons adventures. (The rest of the Universal films, however, were actually adapted from Watson’s notes, relating his and Holmes’s investigations in World War I or shortly thereafter, with only minor updates added to give the impression that they, too, were occurring in the 1940’s.)

And the same thing was done by screenwriters when preparing Young Sherlock Holmes from whatever notes from which they were working – in this case those of Holmes’s relative instead of Dr. Watson’s. If one doesn’t take as absolute gospel what is presented on the screen, but rather realizes that it has been adapted, mashed, simplified, altered, and rewritten from the true facts, with names changed to make for easier familiarity to a modern audience, then it all makes sense. Watson in this film is really Verner, because general audiences would have no idea who Verner was.

Previous objections go away. Holmes had traveled a great deal as a child, as documented by Baring-Gould. It would not be unusual for him to meet this relative, a cousin in all likelihood, for the first time when they both ended up at the same school – just as it would not be unusual for Verner’s parents to send him to a school where they knew that his slightly older cousin was already attending. (And this helps to explain why the boy in the film is so much smaller than Holmes, when Watson was actually a year-and-a-half older than Holmes. Although one can’t make assumptions based on the appearance of actors chosen to play the part, the idea that cousin Verner was younger would help to explain this.)

If one has traveled this far through this rationalization, then the next question to ask is: Was the boy’s name really Verner? In spite of Watson’s spelling it that way in NORW, I believe that it’s really spelled Vernier, exactly the same as the man who narrates the Holmes adventures “edited” by Sam Siciliano. These narratives, The Angel of the Opera, The Grimwell Curse, The Web Weaver, The White Worm, and The Moonstone’s Curse, are all related by Holmes’s cousin, Dr. Henry Vernier.

I have no doubts that this is the same fellow that we see in Young Sherlock Holmes, hallucinating in a cemetery while being attacked by pastries. Dr. Vernier doesn’t realize it as he relates his own adventures with his cousin Holmes, but he’s actually a rather unlikable character. He’s whiny and terribly emasculated. He sometimes gets his facts and dates wrong, and he tells outright fibs. And he’s extremely jealous of Watson, frequently and egregiously trying to give the impression that he, Vernier, is Holmes’s best friend. In The White Worm, Vernier even erroneously quotes Holmes as saying, “Dr. Watson and I are not quite so close as he has portrayed. In fact, Henry is my preferred companion.” Vernier deludedly believes this fact. It colors his perception so that he is convinced that he is the most involved and important figure in Holmes’s investigations, while Watson is a peripheral figure that Holmes doesn’t really like, in spite of the thousands of cases with Watson – and not Vernier – that prove otherwise.

It’s likely that Watson was aware of Vernier’s jealousy, but I don’t believe that Watson himself would be so deliberately petty as to misspell Vernier’s name in “The Norwood Builder”. Rather, I lay that error on a printer’s mistake at The Strand, or perhaps it was Doyle, the Literary Agent, who mis-copied from Watson’s notes – something which had happened before. However, this slight against him no doubt simply added to the fire of Vernier’s pique.

Verner – or Vernier – has appeared in a few other places, most notably some really excellent adventures originally published as Young Sherlock Holmes-related fan-fiction. Of course, these “editors” took their cue from the film, since they didn’t know any better, and assumed that the tales were being narrated by Watson, when it was actually Vernier. However, it was clear to me when adding these stories to The Chronology that Vernier was the true narrator, and it is now so noted.

It was announced a few years ago – in true Hollywood fashion – that a remake of Young Sherlock Holmes was in the works. I’m very curious to see what form that it might take. In the nearly thirty-two years since the original appeared, there has been quite a bit more revealed about Holmes’s life in the form of massive amounts – but never too much! – of additional stories. Andrew Lane has chronicled a number of excellent adventures in his Young Sherlock Holmes series, which has nothing whatsoever to do with the events of the film. Other “editors” of long-lost notes have also filled in many gaps. Will the new version, should it ever be made, honor the original, or go in a completely different direction?

The 1985 film has gained a certain amount of respect over the intervening years. In 2015, the actor who played young Sherlock Holmes, Nicholas Rowe, played him again, this time in a Holmes film-within-a-film being watched by the elderly sleuth, (played by Ian McKellan,) in Mr. Holmes. For those in the know, this was a neat tip-of-the-hat to honor the long thread that connects all Holmes films, stretching back for over a hundred years.

Another question I have about the possible remake is how, after all this time, they’ll be able to avoid the deep Harry Potter connections found in Young Sherlock Holmes. I’m not the first one to notice that this film, written by Chris Columbus, features two boys and a girl as the main protagonists, with Watson/Vernier looking exactly like a young Harry Potter. There is a Malfoy-like villain, a Hogwarts-like setting, and a mystery that might involve magic. Who can say if Jo Rowling was influenced by this film when she was writing the first Harry Potter book? But it’s no coincidence that the man picked to produce the first three Potter films (and direct the first two,) giving them much of their style and visual appearance, was this same Chris Columbus, making them look and feel so much like his earlier Holmes effort.

If a new version of Young Sherlock Holmes is made, my deerstalker and I will be there on opening day, just like we were back in December 1985. But however they choose to do it this time, I’m certain that the screenwriters will still be incorrectly calling Henry Vernier by the name “John H. Watson”.



8 comments:

  1. David,
    Thanks, as always, for a thought-provoking essay. I've never seen "Young Sherlock Holmes" but will remedy that oversight as soon as possible. One question I've wanted to ask for some time now: when--if ever--do you intend to publish your Chronology?

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  2. Tom,

    Thanks for the kind words. To answer your question: The Chronology may be published someday, but there are several concerns. First, if it ever is published and has a summation line drawn under it or a circle drawn around it, it will be immediately out of date. Another difficulty is that it would be quite a fat book and very specialized, and very few people would likely buy it. Therefore, would it be worth it to the publisher to even produce it? And then there is the aggravation that would come my way from people who disagree with it . . . .

    There are a lot of Sherlockians who claim they don’t like pastiches at all, but they’re always willing to bend their own rules to include a pastiche written by their friend. In doing so, they end up accepting that one as the DEFINITIVE version of this or that story – the Giant Rat, the Red Leech, Holmes-versus-Jack the Ripper – and as I’ve pointed out elsewhere, I don’t pick one version of an adventure to be “true” and then decide that, just because that one is by someone I like or with whom I’m trying to curry favor, that it’s the ONLY version, and all the others are fictional. As long as the tales are about the TRUE Holmes and are set in the correct time period, and if they aren’t completely off the rails and into the crazy weeds of Alternative Universes or full-blown supernatural encounters or spurious modern settings, I find that they all fit as part of the Great Holmesian Tapestry.

    Another reason that I’m hesitant to publish is that, as I’ve pointed out, sometimes “editors” of Watson’s notes get things wrong – a little or a lot, by mistake or with clear intent – and I make notes of that in every entry, explaining why this or that statement doesn’t fit with the bigger picture. Some “editors” won’t like it when I lay out that they had something placed in the wrong month or year, or that a certain assertion is incorrect because of some other conflicting fact in either The Canon or the vast majority of other pastiches that actually colored within the lines, while they tried to get creative and original with Watson’s notes to the point of stepping away from reality. I’ve already gotten push-back about this essay, with someone saying that Young Sherlock Holmes was right and A Study in Scarlet (and all the other stories that confirm it) are wrong. At the present, I don’t feel like taking on all of the nay-sayers.

    I’ve been maintaining The Chronology since creating it in the 1990’s – that’s when all the hard work was done. Now it’s just a matter of tweaking the format, cleaning up places, and adding new works as they appear. I’ve had several people that have written to me and simply asked that I send it to them for free. I’m afraid that I’m not just going to give away twenty-plus years’ of work that way to strangers. Additionally, others have asked for it to be put online as a resource. I’m not going to do that either, both for the reasons listed above, and also because I love real books on real paper, and if it’s ever published, it will certainly be as a true physical volume that I can put on a shelf until I’m gone, and not as some winking electron blip that will vanish when the lights go out.

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  3. Thanks, David. I understand your reluctance to "give away" your years of work or get involved in arguments with those who don't agree with you. For my own future writing, I intend to follow Baring-Gould's chronology, which I'd assume yours generally agrees with. He does a good job of explaining his variations from the Canon, although some of his other ideas seem questionable. There are other chronologies out there as well for reference. I'm not sure I'd ever have your patience in trying to take account of what others have written to be sure it all somehow fits together. Please feel free to correct me, in any future anthology submissions, if I go too far astray with chronological details.

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  4. Hi, David,
    You and I are exact peers in age, so I also saw 'YSH' when I was 20 (in my college dorm on VHS). I enjoyed the film more than I expected to, though I probably would have liked it even better if I'd been 8 or 10 years younger. In the last year, I have inducted myself into 'the Game', with not as much seriousness as you but I hope with as much enthusiasm, and I have enjoyed many of your own personal contributions to it. Revisiting YSH after 30+ years was an interesting experience. It is unmistakably a prototype for that other exceptional schoolboy franchise that would come along two decades later in the form of Harry Potter. Our young Sherlock Nicholas Rowe, was a capable and charismatic young actor; what a shame that the proposed Young Sherlock franchise never took off as anticipated. It appears that the project was ahead of its time, considering the success of subsequent 'adolescent Sherlock' projects in print, from Andrew Lane among many others. This schoolboy meeting between Holmes and Watson is 'wrong' on a number of levels besides the fact that it never happened; Watson is depicted as several years younger than Holmes & of a completely unsuitable physical type. 14-year-old John Watson would have been one of the popular, good-looking rugger-playing lads, not the awkward, bookish and overweight kid Alan Cox gives us. But in the greater scheme of things, I'm willing to overlook this tinkering with facts, because Cox's Watson performs the primary Watsonian function of being Holmes's admiring foil and co-conspirator, even if he doubts the physical security of getting involved in his friend's enterprises. Since 1985, I have become familiar with the work of Alan's father, the ubiquitous Scots actor Brian Cox, and now I understand why the kid looked so very familiar to me--he's a chip off the old block. Also, in a delightful bit of Sherlockian serendipity (or perhaps just proving how very well the casting director did in his choice of their young Sherlock), 'Mr Holmes' with Ian McKellen features a scene in which Holmes attends the cinema and sees 'himself' portrayed onscreen in a movie version of one of Dr. Watson's cases. The 'movie within a movie' Holmes is none other than Nicolas Rowe, all grown up. The hair is shorter but that long face and those distinctive eyes are just the same. But you probably knew that already. :)

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    1. Well, I should have read your entry all the way to the end, because I see you already noted 'Mr. Holmes's nod to YSH. I didn't recognize Nic immediately in that scene but it niggled at me for the rest of the film and then as soon as the end credits came up, it was a 'Duh!' moment. Playing Sherlock Holmes is a bit like being James Bond or POTUS; even after you 'retire' from the role, you are forever associated with it. When you've got the look, you've got the look--and Nic Rowe has It. I can't help wondering what he felt to get that call to reprise SH, however briefly, onscreen, 30 years after his first bow. Had to be some mixed feelings there, I imagine, because had the stars aligned properly for him back in 1985, he'd have become as much a household name as Daniel Radcliffe--and his outing as Young SH showed him to be a far more polished actor right out of the gate than any of the Hogwarts inmates. I work as a children's librarian, so conversance with Pottermania was basically a job requirement, but I never warmed up to it much. They did a great job realizing the books cinematically but even at her best I find J.K. Rowling only mediocre. I think Harry's big draw for most kids is that he is fundamentally a very ordinary kid plunked down into an extraordinary role. Harry is a completely average boy who has been Chosen by forces entirely beyond his control. Apart from Quiddich, which he excels at, again by a boon from the wizarding gods, and that scar, he's got no particular qualities to mark him out as special. He's neither the smartest, best-looking, personally charismatic or the most diligent wizard at school. He's exceptional because it was given to him, not because he earned it, as such . . and such undeserved favor is deeply appealing. It's at the heart of all princess & superhero fantasies. Harry gets to be a prince, a superhero, a superstar athlete and an ordinary kid all in one package. I'd never really analyzed this in depth until now, but in most respects, apart from his singular position, he is the anti-Sherlock Holmes. SH got to be a superhero entirely on his own native gifts and rigorous application of effort. Though few ordinary mortals could do what he does, nobody questions his right to inhabit his singular sphere. There can be only One. With Harry Potter, by contrast, the feeling (my feeling anyway) is--Why HIM? What's so special about Harry? A: Nothing. He's extraordinary for being completely ordinary. That rankles, a bit. Hermione can be a grating little swot, very Up Herself--but what if Rowling had chosen to make her main character & Dark Side nemesis a girl? More interesting from my point of view, but it never would have gotten off the ground with boys. For the same reason, a savvy female author who wants wide appeal among male readers will use her initials and let them assume she's a guy, at least until they read her stuff and get hooked.

      Rowling owes a debt to Conan Doyle, of course. Who is Valdemort but a supernatural riff on Moriarty?

      Speaking of Moriarty, I have only just finished Anthony Horowitz's novel of the same name. Do you consider non-Holmes-centric works in your chronology? Sherlock doesn't appear here, except by mention. Michael Kurland's "Moriarty" books have SH popping up now and again, often as comic relief, since Moriarty is our protagonist, or more aptly, his Boswell, Benjamin Barnett, is. How do you incorporate works like these into your tapestry?

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  5. Sorry, am new to this platform and can't seem to find an Edit button. A fellow Holmes enthusiast acquaintance of mine refuses to watch "Mr. Holmes" because he derides its depiction of 'decrepitude of the Icon'. He prefers to think of SH still tending his bees on the Downs at a hale 168 years of age, and honestly, who doesn't? .. but even Mr. Baring-Gould sent SH to his eternal rest at 103, which considering how Holmes abused his temple over the years was an incredibly venerable age. Of course, Sherlock Lives--and thanks to Neil Gaiman's 'A Taste of Death & Honey' I now understand the source of his limitless vitality. So just as YSH is a "What IF It Had Happened This Way?" scenario of an adolescent Sherlock Holmes, "Mr. Holmes" is a "What IF Sherlock Holmes Had to Get Old Like Ordinary Mortals? What Would That Look Like?" scenario. For me entertaining the 'What Ifs . . ?" doesn't negate the "What Is." So SH is still tending those bees and working for MI-6 on the side and that's all there is to it. ;-)

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  6. Dear Hikari,

    It’s great to hear from you, and thanks for writing such great responses. (Sorry it took me a few days to reply. As you might imagine, with family and work and real life, and then all the various Holmes projects that involve me, I sometimes don’t get to reply right away.)

    I’m glad you saw the additional part about YSH and Harry Potter, because that was going to part of my response. I’ve read the Harry Potter Canon at least six times, if not more, (and even seen the movies a number of times,) and I think the whole thing is a masterpiece for all kinds of reasons. A couple of things that you didn’t mention about Harry that makes him stand out, even lacking all of those other qualities, are bravery, stubbornness, and loyalty. He was forced to take on his role by the circumstances of the prophecy, but all the times when he could have just walked away, he didn’t.

    I’ve tried thrice now to get J.K. Rowling to write a foreword (or even a story) for the MX Anthologies which I edit, but so far, it hasn’t worked. (On my most recent Holmes Pilgrimage last year, I even hand-carried another invitation to her office in Bloomsbury.) On each occasion, I’ve received a wonderful reply in the mail, so that’s something for me to treasure . . . but I’d rather have her participation. (I figured that she’d be happy to help, since she likes charities, she is now a mystery writer, and she’s from Edinburgh, which has strong Conan Doyle ties. Yet, she is too busy, and has limited time to spread around, and I understand that.)

    My chronology does include many many non-Holmes centric stories. As long as it’s in the same traditional real World of Holmes, it adds to the bigger and overall picture. (I do NOT include things like Gaiman’s AU work, and certainly nothing at all that connects to that terrible awful damaging show, the BBC “Sherlock”, which I despise, and which I’ll take any opportunity or forum to disparage.)

    Thanks again for commenting. And if you ever want to write a traditional pastiche – and all Holmesians should do that at least once! – get in touch with me, and I’ll be happy to read it and consider it for submission to an upcoming anthology.

    Very best,

    David

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  7. David,
    Wow, your vote of confidence means so much for a neophyte Sherlockian like me. I've been thinking that I should try my hand at a Sherlockian pastiche as a mental exercise if nothing else, and you have given me incentive to actually do it.

    You've also given me the incentive to give in to a long-held desire (since the age of 12 and my first encounter with 'HOUND') that I have resisted til now: over the weekend, I ordered my first deerstalker! I will reserve mine for special occasions outside of the house, but inside it will be my (hopefully) inspirational writing cap.

    I would encourage you to keep pursuing the elusive Ms. Rowling, who probably has the unfortunate idea that your projects are not 'big' enough for her involvement . .which would be her loss altogether. And with due respect to whatever she's got on the boil, there's no way she's busier than *you* are. In the meantime while you are waiting on her, can I make a suggestion? I would dearly love to see a benediction upon your next project by the man I regard as the greatest living Sherlockian pastiche artist: Mr. Donald S. Thomas of Bath, England. The gentleman is still alive and kicking at 83 (as far as Wikipedia knows) so securing his involvement in your next book is more pressing than it is with Joanne. Something to think about. I'm considering writing Mr. Thomas a fan letter myself. Stalking Sherlockians seems to have become my new hobby! ;-)

    Thanks again for your kindness in responding. Will keep my eyes peeled for your next entry.

    Best to you,
    Hikari

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